Hanruh sebagai jaminan kesejahteraan negara

Posted: April 13, 2007 in think tank thought

cs15.jpgSebelum ini pada hemat penulis, masyarakat jelata tidak pernah mendengarkan perihal ‘Hanruh’. Segelintir yang mungkin mengetahui, pasti tidak mengetahuinya secara menyeluruh dan mendalam. Apa itu ‘Hanruh’? adakah ia juga suatu konsep seperti Islam Hadhari yang diperkenalkan pemerintah?

Hanruh merupakan singkatan bagi pertahanan menyeluruh yang merupakan suatu konsep pertahanan yang mengemblengkan peranan aktif masyarakat bukan tentera. Hanruh menekankan supaya kesinambungan peranan mempertahankan negara bukan sahaja dipikul oleh anggota keselamatan sahaja tetapi juga anggota masyarakat keseluruhan.

Hanruh diperkenalkan, sejak tahun 1986 dan dijadikan sebagai salah satu prinsip asas Dasar Pertahanan Negara dan sebagai strategi dalam mempertahankan kepentingan negara.

Komponen Hanruh adalah meliputi aspek berikut:

a. Kesiagaan Keselamatan;
b. Keutuhan dan Perpaduan Masyarakat;
c. Kesiagaan Awam;
d. Daya Tahan Ekonomi; dan
e. Ketahanan Psikologi.

Kesiagaan keselamatan merangkumi kesiagaan anggota keselamatan dan lain-lain agensi keselamatan bagi melindungi nyawa dan harta benda serta memelihara keselamatan awam. Untuk melaksanakan amanah ini, angkatan keselamatan mestilah mempunyai anggota yang terlatih, mahir dan bermotivasi serta sentiasa menghadapi sebarang ancaman.

Suasana masyarakat yang hidup bersatu padu dan harmoni tanpa mengira perbezaan status, kaum, agama, budaya dan negeri merupakan faktor utama kesejahteraan negara. Kemantapan integrasi national, integrasi budaya dan tanpa perbezaan wilayah adalah asas bagi merealisasikan keutuhan Malaysia.

Kesiagaan awam membawa erti kesediaan agensi-agensi awam, pihak swasta, pertubuhan sukarela dan orang awam dalam mengadakan kemudahan perlindungan nyawa dan harta benda mereka dan negara dari bencana peperangan. Mereka juga hendaklah melibatkan diri dalam usaha-usaha pembekalan kemudahan asas yang berterusan di dalam keadan perang, darurat dan bencana.

Ketahanan ekonomi bererti kerajaan dan swasta dalam semua sektor ekonomi berganding bahu dan bersatu untuk mempastikan kemampuan dan kekuatan ekonomi bergarak terus mantap di masa aman serta berupaya membantu keperluan keselamatan dalam menghadapi perang dan darurat.

Ketahanan psikologi ialah kekuatan mental yang menunjukkan komitmen dan keyakinan yang padu terhadap kedaulatan dan pertahanan negara. Ia bertujuan membina bangsa Malaysia yang memiliki ketahanan psikologi bagi menghadapi semua bentuk cabaran dan ancaman (sumber: http://www.navy.mil.my).

Dalam konteks pertahanan negara, kerajaan telah menetapkan bahawa objektif utama Dasar Pertahanan Negara (DPN) adalah untuk melindungi dan mempertahankan kepentingan-kepentingan Malaysia berteraskan kepada kedaulatan negara, keutuhan wilayah serta kesejahteraan ekonomi.

Allah s.w.t dalam surah Al-Antal ayat 60 yang membawa maksud:
“Dan sediakanlah untuk menghadapi mereka (musuh yang menceroboh) segala jenis kekuatan yang dapat kamu sediakan dan dari pasukan-pasukan berkuda yang lengkap sedia, untuk menggentarkan musuh Allah dan musuh kamu serta musuh-musuh yang lain dari mereka yang kamu tidak mengetahuinya sedangkan Allah mengetahuinya. Dan apa sahaja yang kamu nafkahkan pada jalan Allah nescaya akan dibalas dengan cukup kepada kamu dan kamu tidak akan dianiayai (dirugikan)”.

Justeru bagi menjayakan konsep ini, langkah mempersiapkan jatidiri dan kemahiran untuk tujuan pertahanan menyeluruh terhadap komuniti bukan tentera harus diberi peranan seawal mungkin. Bermula seawal Program Latihan Khidmat Negara (PLKN), anak-anak muda harus mula disedarkan tentang peranan ini dan dilanjutkan kepada penglibatan sebagai anggota pasukan simpanan (PSS), Pasukan Latihan Pegawai Simpanan (Palapes) di IPT, Pasukan Latihan Anggota Sukarela (PLAS) di Politeknik, Kolej dan sebagainya.

Kesinambungan latihan dan pendedahan kepada mereka-mereka ini sangat perlu diutamakan supaya keperluan ilmu ketenteraan yang telah diajar sebati dalam diri dan boleh digerakkan bila-bila masa mengikut iklim ancaman semasa dalam negara yang mana bersesuaian dengan konsep ini.

Baru-baru ini, Timbalan Perdana Menteri merangkap Menteri Pertahanan mahu mengadaptasikan dan menyelaraskan konsep Hanruh ini mengikut keperluan semasa dan tidak terhad kepada keperluan semasa ancaman keselamatan seperti peperangan sahaja tetapi juga sesuai digunapakai semasa bencana alam dan juga krisis tenaga.

Selain daripada itu pengubahsuaian kedua akan turut dijalankan melibatkan perluasan fungsi meliputi aspek peningkatan ketahanan sektor ekonomi dalam menghadapi arus deras globalisasi dengan membentuk dan menguatkan ketahanan mental dan semangat juang bagi menghadapi persaingan sengit dalam dunia perniagaan.

Pengubahsuaian ketiga pula meliputi aspek perlaksanaannya terhadap masyarakat bagi memupuk perpaduan masyarakat jelata berteraskan nilai-nilai hidup terpuji dan untung nasib bersama. Aspek ini akan dipupuk secara berterusan memandangkan kepincangan dalam institusi masyarakat akan turut berupaya mengancam kesejahteraan dan kemakmuran negara.

Menyedari hakikat betapa pentingnya peranan rakyat dalam pertahanan negara maka Melalui pelaksanaan Hanruh ianya akan dapat membantu angkatan bersenjata supaya meneruskan tanggungjawab mereka dalam menghadapi peperangan dan menentukan kemenangan. Di samping itu, ianya juga akan menentukan agar aktiviti-aktiviti ekonomi dan sosial dapat terus berfungsi seperti biasa dengan gangguan yang paling minima.

Komentar
  1. psychoseiko berkata:

    Catatan yang bermanfaat. Terima kasih!

  2. I’m not sure where you are getting your info, but great topic. I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more. Thanks for magnificent information I was looking for this information for my mission.

  3. elegant themes berkata:

    Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article.
    I’ll be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely
    return.

  4. Mabel berkata:

    May I simply say what a comfort to discover a person
    that genuinely knows what they’re talking about over the internet. You certainly realize how to bring a problem to light and make it important. More and more people must look at this and understand this side of your story. I was surprised you’re
    not more popular given that you most certainly have the
    gift.

  5. Fran berkata:

    Been searching for ages to locate this. Saved this url for future research.

    Great , keep writing.

  6. oundary% berkata:

    Very good post. I absolutely love this website.
    Continue the good work!

  7. With havin so much content and articles do you ever run into
    any issues of plagorism or copyright infringement? My site has a lot of
    completely unique content I’ve either written myself or outsourced but it looks like a lot of it is popping it up all over the internet without my permission. Do you know any methods to help protect against content from being ripped off? I’d definitely appreciate it.

  8. unhealthy drinks berkata:

    Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to protect against hackers?
    I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on.
    Any suggestions?

  9. Rashad berkata:

    Every weekend i used to pay a quick visit this web page, as i wish for enjoyment,
    since this this web page conations actually nice funny stuff too.

  10. Stepanie berkata:

    I like the valuable info you provide in your articles. I will bookmark your blog and check again here
    frequently. I am quite certain I will learn many new stuff
    right here! Best of luck for the next!

  11. i am looking at your blog article and its effectively written as well as really well knowledgable.
    i personally like this post i really get pleasure from for your input.
    .i am going to reveal this thing having my most friends.Excellent post ever i read.

  12. Lupe berkata:

    Hello, i think that i noticed you visited my blog so i came to go back the choose?
    .I’m trying to in finding issues to enhance my site!I suppose its adequate to make use of some of your concepts!!

  13. I do not know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else experiencing issues with your blog. It seems like some of the text on your posts are running off the screen. Can someone else please comment and let me know if this is happening to them too? This could be a issue with my web browser because I’ve had this happen before.
    Kudos

  14. Hi there, just wanted to say, I liked this blog post.
    It was funny. Keep on posting!

  15. Sadie berkata:

    Have you ever thought about adding a little bit more than
    just your articles? I mean, what you say is fundamental and everything.
    Nevertheless imagine if you added some great graphics
    or video clips to give your posts more, “pop”! Your content is
    excellent but with pics and clips, this blog could certainly be one of the best in its field.

    Very good blog!

  16. Matthew berkata:

    Howdy are using WordPress for your site platform?
    I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and create
    my own. Do you require any html coding knowledge to make your own
    blog? Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  17. Derrick berkata:

    Excellent article. I will be experiencing a few of these issues as well.
    .

  18. Awesome! Its genuinely remarkable piece of writing, I have got much clear idea about from
    this piece of writing.

  19. Minna berkata:

    Hurrah, that’s what I was exploring for, what a information! present here at this web site, thanks admin of this website.

  20. Good web site you have here.. It’s hard to find excellent writing like yours nowadays. I really appreciate individuals like you! Take care!!

  21. Http://fivefingerteescouponcode.wordpress.com/ berkata:

    Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you penning this write-up plus the rest of the website is very good.

  22. plastic decking berkata:

    Heya i am for the first time here. I found this board
    and I find It really useful & it helped me out a lot.
    I hope to give something back and aid others like you helped me.

  23. Www.facebook.com berkata:

    Hello to all, how is everything, I think every one is getting more from this web page,
    and your views are good designed for new people.

  24. slideshare.net berkata:

    Very nice write-up. I definitely appreciate this website.

    Continue the good work!

  25. Cornelius berkata:

    We stumbled over here different web address and thought I might as well check
    things out. I like what I see so i am just following you.
    Look forward to exploring your web page repeatedly.

  26. Superb blog! Do you have any hints for aspiring writers?
    I’m hoping to start my own website soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you advise starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option?
    There are so many options out there that I’m completely confused .. Any suggestions? Appreciate it!

  27. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is attractive, your authored subject
    matter stylish. nonetheless, you command get
    got an nervousness over that you wish be delivering the following.
    unwell unquestionably come more formerly again since exactly the same nearly a lot often inside case you shield this increase.

  28. Concetta berkata:

    In 2009, El Campeon, while elevating the level of the table, on
    the Dominican east coast, this residential complex with luxury rental villas has five
    superb clay tennis racket hq courts. Of course, it is best to first approach care more conservatively to see
    if injection can be avoided.

  29. Clayton berkata:

    Hello! I simply wish to offer you a big thumbs up for the excellent information you’ve got right here on this post. I will be coming back to your blog for more soon.

  30. The Diamonds Factory Coupon Code berkata:

    Asking questions are in fact pleasant thing if you are not understanding something entirely, but this post offers pleasant understanding yet.

  31. Hi there, yup this post is truly nice and I have learned
    lot of things from it on the topic of blogging.
    thanks.

  32. You need to bear in mind the fact that there are certain types of waste that are
    rather toxic in nature and need to be disposed off separately.
    Your home contractor, like a tour guide, can guide
    you through the renovation process smoothly. The low budget remodeler must be flexible and willing to work with a design that
    fits a specific set of materials.

  33. bar berkata:

    MGM Studios and Animal Kingdoms on Your Orlando Getaway One of USAs most
    known family destinations is Orlando because it
    offers something for everyone. Peak season for the best at the iconic Burj Al Arab translated as Arabian Tower.

  34. Upon having got the particular listing of people you would want to contemplate,
    do a weeding along with notice three of the highest quality.

    If you keep the sink in the same spot, then plumbing does not need to be moved.

    Staying away from the kitchen and bathroom showrooms, that always showcase the
    high end models and every small appliance known to mankind.

  35. After I initially left a comment I seem to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on whenever a comment is added I receive four emails with the
    same comment. Perhaps there is a way you can remove me from that service?

    Many thanks!

  36. Duane berkata:

    Having read this I believed it was really informative.

    I appreciate you taking the time and energy to put
    this short article together. I once again find myself spending a lot
    of time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it
    was still worth it!

  37. The local, state and local laws, renters also have a difficulty catching up with their debts.
    Because your property would be everyone’s. Flooring and Carpeting Repair and ReplacementOne of the most common types of maintenance and upkeep that don’t always affect purpose-built blocks to the same degree.

  38. This points you to places where you are taking it in.

    Your accounts on Twitter, Facebook, Linked
    In, Twitter; to name just a few benefits that rocket
    video ranker 3.0 provides. This is only very brief, a
    week, often longer, to complete.

  39. For most Americans, Afghan President Hamid Karzai words and actions are challenging to understand and challenging to accept.
    ‘ Not only will this aid in organization, but will help these critical members of your team take pride in the important work they do. After that is complete, the Silhouette Analyzer will draw another comparison, proving the customer can feel comfortable, pretty and secure in the items she wears.

  40. Costume jewelry is not made of genuine precious stones.

    From time to time we all find ourselves buying something we hadn’t intended to, or coming home with something we really didn’t want.
    Lapel pins can be made in a variety of different styles to fit specific needs.

  41. online casino berkata:

    Hello, all the time i used to check web site posts here in the early hours in the morning,
    for the reason that i like to gain knowledge of more and
    more.

  42. And that means having a professional business website, with the final analysis is traffic recon bonus for online businesses will be
    visitors are often skeptical of buying products from shady-looking sites.
    The more articles you submit, the more profits you’ll traffic recon bonus reap. You will want to provide interesting and valuable. However, in order to get money flowing into the company again.

  43. Kara berkata:

    As a sister or best friend, she will be a confidante, encourager,
    and general support. When it comes to sports trading pins, bigger is always better, because a bigger pin has more visual appeal.
    Some businesses show their appreciation for employee efforts by recognizing employees.

  44. In addition, it also depends upon the fact that how you are
    going to use it. Because the colors are made from soft
    enamel and fired at a lower temperature, however, soft
    enamel pins are more affordable. Bushing, rod ends, globalspec product announcement for
    rbc bearings rod ends, spherical unibal bearings originator of the heim joint – an industry standard for over 70
    years heim bearings.

  45. I’m really enjoying the design and layout of your blog. It’s
    a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to come here and visit more often.
    Did you hire out a designer to create your theme? Outstanding work!

  46. But baseball no longer has a monopoly among youth sports on
    the fun of custom trading pins. The free service also helps in reducing
    the cost involved and is therefore useful. Made in
    whatever style you choose, custom pins can feature your logo or emblem, your choice of text,
    and even add-ons like glitter, simulated gemstone or cut outs.

  47. Property Management 30A software helps you to get the
    timely rents and handle all issues that might be raised by the tenant.

  48. It is best that you simply use different plug-ins to your site so
    that you simply achieve good online ranking fast – Article Source: Credit shares it
    all on her blog on how you’ll be able to become successful in web marketing.
    As soon as Google informed webmasters and optimizers with the importance of external links to website rankings, link farms and spammy directories sprouted up all in the Internet.
    Which is besides like paying out an auto mechanic to take care of
    your automobile.

  49. It is fairly easy to spot a faker through physical interactions, however,
    through e-mails or instant messengers, it is quite easy for
    someone to literally lie to you about who they are, what they believe in, etc.
    This deeper investigation to see if a person is truly a
    legitimate potential partner for you before investing yourself in it will empower
    you to move forward and succeed in dating and love whether online
    or off. The most important thing to do during an argument is to think prior
    to uttering things that might just change the life
    of the relationship forever.

  50. Pam berkata:

    Rental property management portland maine is available for most
    Mac and Windows computers. The Nexus, what the company calls the first social streaming media
    player. Seller has sent Notice to Purchaser detailing
    the Seller’s intent to cancel the agreement. Another advantage of property management portland maine magazines
    is that they will charge an extra commission for every such job executed.

  51. Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all of us
    you actually recognize what you’re speaking approximately!
    Bookmarked. Please also consult with my web site =). We could have a hyperlink exchange
    agreement between us

  52. Leopoldo berkata:

    However, if you go on to study the ad and information,
    there will probably be a thorough description of what they
    company has for sale. Any affiliate marketer can benefit from the public’s want to do their portion.
    Affiliate marketing is one of the hottest trends in the
    market today in making money online.

  53. This website really has all of the information I wanted concerning this subject and didn’t know who to ask.

  54. Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to assist with Search
    Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m
    not seeing very good gains. If you know of any please share.
    Thank you!

  55. Such are the ingredients of Adiphene that its one finest selling level is the shortage of dangerous
    uncomfortable side effects. Individuals who have underlying
    medical condition should also consult a physician before taking this
    diet pill. There is a section to discuss the biggest loser show, specific diets, and much more.

  56. adiphene berkata:

    In summary, if you need to lose weight, go anywhere and complete
    boot camp class. Assuming this is the case, we determinedly sway you to read the whole
    page. I appeared into Adiphene to find the reality about its fats- and
    calorie-burning results.

  57. sleep-wake cycle berkata:

    If you would like too obtain a great deal from this piece of wriiting then you have to appply these strategies to your won webpage.

  58. Good day! This is kind of off topic but I need some
    advice from an established blog. Is it difficult to set
    up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast.
    I’m thinking about creating my own but I’m not sure where to start.
    Do you have any tips or suggestions? Thank you

  59. storefront berkata:

    Actually no matter if someone doesn’t understand then its up to
    other people that they will assist, so here it takes
    place.

  60. Francisco berkata:

    Heya i’m for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It truly useful & it
    helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and help others like you helped me.

Tinggalkan Jawapan

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Tukar )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Tukar )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Tukar )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Tukar )

Connecting to %s